It is mandatory that all students undertake 3 reflection sessions with their supervisor, which includes a short, concluding interview, or viva voce, with their supervisor following the completion of the extended essay. An assessment of this reflection process is made under criterion E (Engagement) using the Reflections on planning and progress form. Student reflections are not only important, but also worth nearly 18% of your total EE grade!
Students are advised to maintain a Researcher's Reflection Space (RRS)
ManageBac offers a great (RRS) to store your ideas, notes, files, sources, websites, videos, etc.
|3 Reflection Sessions|
|How to Prepare for Reflection Sessions|
|Possible Guiding Questions|
|How Reflection Sessions are Assessed|
- 150-175ish words for each reflection entry
- 150ish words for your 1st & 2nd reflections, 200ish words for your 3rd
- 100ish words for 1st & 2nd reflections, 300ish words for your 3rd
|1st Reflection Session||Initially, I had decided that my EE would would study the relationship between years of training and accuracy in pistol shooting. However, upon discussion, I realized that it would more practical to research on new training methodologies to improve performance in the sport since this will allow me to directly impact athletes in my community. Therefore, I discussed the possibility of exploring how a specific psychological training method effects accuracy in air pistol. The two psychological training methods that I thought of studying were either Mental Image or Mindfulness Meditation Therapy (MMT). Upon reading a 2014 paper from Universal Journal of Psychology titled "The Relationship between Relaxation Techniques and Sport Performance" that compared MMT and Imagery, I learned that there existed a positive correlation between both training methods and performance. However, upon discussion, I concluded that my EE should study MMT instead of Imagery because medication has originated in India and is quite an accepted part of Indian culture. Therefore, the experimental group would be more willing to practice it as compared to Imagery.|
|2nd Reflection Session||During the interim reflection session, I discussed the RQ that I had come up with. Upon discussion, I decided that in order to make the study more focused to a location, I should add the words "from Mumbai" to the RQ. A challenge I faced was in incorporation of various psychological models of sporting performance into the theoretical background of the EE. After reading the paper "Contrasting Concepts of Competitive State Anxiety in Sport" published in the Online Journal of Sports Psychology, I gained a comprehensive understanding of the Inverted-U, Multidimensional-Anxiety and Catastrophe Theories into my EE because I learned that there existed "scant research to offer full support for the Multidimensional Theory" and disagreement amongst sports-scientists over its reliability. I look forward to doing further research on sports psychology to incorporate it in my EE.|
|3rd Reflection Session||
The EE writing process has been an intellectually challenging experience and has taught me how to read, analyse and evaluate findings from research papers. The process was particularly enjoyable because I was able to apply Sports Science theory to favourite sport of 10m Air Pistol
A particular challenge that I faced was in the data-collection process. Since I work as a part-time coach at the local range, I was able to gain the necessary permissions to organize two matches. Initially I had decided to collect data for 50 athletes to both matches. However, I had to reduce this number since I was finding it difficult to coordinate and ensure attendance of 50 athletes to both matches. Therefore, I conducted an experiment of 28 participants. This number was small enough for me to coordinate with, but large enough to conduct the statistical T-Test and test reliability of the results. I am excited about applying the learnings from the EE to my own training programme and to the training programme of my peers.
|Criterion||Mark Awarded||Examiner Commentary|
(Maximum possible marks: 6)
|6||Engagement is excellent. Reflections on decision-making and planning are evaluative. These reflections communicate a high degree of intellectual and personal engagement with the research focus and process of research, demonstrating authenticity and intellectual initiative.|
The following levels correspond to the attainment levels of the rubric for Criterion E: Engagement
|Supervisor Comments on Student Reflections (Criterion E: Engagement)|
|Presentation in the EE|
The extended essay should be written in a clear, correct and formal academic style, appropriate to the subject from which the topic is drawn. Given that the extended essay is a formally written research paper, it should strive to maintain a professional, academic look.
To help achieve this, the following formatting is suggested.
- font, font size and spacing conducive to on-screen marking (ex. Arial)
- page numbering
- no candidate, supervisor, or school name on the title page, page headers, appendices or acknowledgment pages
- the file size must not be more than 10 MB. (Note that the RPPF is uploaded separately and is not part of the overall file size of the essay.)
Submitting the extended essay in the required format will help set the tone of the essay and will aid readability for on-screen assessment by examiners.
|6 Required Elements of the Extended Essay|
Do NOT include your name, ONLY the following:
|Contents Page||A contents page must be provided at the beginning of the extended essay and all pages should be numbered. Please note that an index page is not required and if included will be treated as if it is not present.|
The introduction should tell the reader what to expect in the essay. The introduction should make clear to the reader the focus of the essay, the scope of the research, in particular an indication of the sources to be used, and an insight into the line of argument to be taken. While students should have a sense of the direction and key focus of their essay, it is sometimes advisable to finalize the introduction once the body of the essay is complete.
|Body of the essay||
Research, analysis, discussion and evaluation:
The main task is writing the body of the essay, which should be presented in the form of a reasoned argument. The form of this varies with the subject of the essay but as the argument develops it should be clear to the reader what relevant evidence has been discovered, where/how it has been discovered and how it supports the argument. In some subjects, for example, the sciences, subheadings within the main body of the essay will help the reader to understand the argument (and will also help the student to keep on track). In structuring their extended essay, students must take into consideration the expected conventions of the subject in which their extended essay is registered.
Once the main body of the essay is complete, it is possible to finalize the introduction (which tells the reader what to expect) and the conclusion (which says what has been achieved, including notes of any limitations and any questions that have not been resolved).
Any information that is important to the argument must not be included in appendices or footnotes/endnotes. The examiner will not read notes or appendices, so an essay that is not complete in itself will be compromised across the assessment criteria.
|Conclusion||The conclusion says what has been achieved, including notes of any limitations and any questions that have not been resolved. While students might draw conclusions throughout the essay based on their findings, it is important that there is a final, summative conclusion at the end. This conclusion(s) must relate to the research question posed.|
A bibliography is an alphabetical list of every source used to research and write the essay. Sources that are not cited in the body of the essay but were important in informing the approach taken should be cited in the introduction or in an acknowledgment. The bibliography must list only those sources cited.
"A citation is a shorthand method of making a reference in the body of an essay, either as an in-text citation or footnote/endnote. This must then be linked to the full reference at the end of the essay in the bibliography. A citation provides the reader with accurate references so that he or she can locate the source easily. How sources are cited varies with the particular referencing style that has been chosen. Page numbers should normally be given when referencing printed material and this is especially so in the case of direct quotations. For some styles this will also be in the citation, in others in the full reference. Once again, it is important to emphasize that there must be consistency of method when citing sources."
|Supervisor Comments on DRAFT|
|EE Subject Guides|
Studies in language and literature:
Individuals and societies:
World Studies, pp. 365-375
|EE & RPPF Examples|
- Conflict, peace and security
- Culture, language and identity
- Environmental and/or economic sustainability
- Equality and inequality
- Health and development
- Science, technology and society
|EE Subject Reports|
|Assessment in the EE|
|Total Marks Available: 34|
Criterion A: focus and method
- Research Question
Criterion B: knowledge and understanding (6 Marks)
- Subject Specific Terminology and Concepts
Criterion C: critical thinking
- Discussion and Evaluation
Criterion D: presentation
Criterion E: engagement (RPPF)
- Research Focus
|EE Research Resources|